Britain Against Napoleon: The Organization of Victory,


Britain Against Napoleon: The Organization of Victory, 1793-1815 For than twenty years after , the French army was supreme in continental Europe Only at sea was British power dominant, though even with this crucial advantage the British population lived under fear of a French invasion for much of those two decades How was it that despite multiple changes of government and the assassination of a Prime Minister, Britain survived and eventually won a generation long war against a regime which at its peak incommanded many times the resources and manpower This book looks beyond the familiar exploits of the army and navy to the politicians and civil servants, and examines how they made it possible to continue the war at all It shows the degree to which the capacities of the whole British population were involved industrialists, farmers, shipbuilders, cannon founders, gunsmiths and gunpowder manufacturers all had continually to increase quality and output as the demands of the war remorselessly grew The intelligence war was also central Yet no participants were important, he argues, than the bankers and international traders of the City of London, who played a critical role in financing the wars and without whom the armies of Britain s allies could not have taken the fieldThe Duke of Wellington famously said that the battle which finally defeated Napoleon was the nearest run thing you ever saw in your life this book shows how true that was for the Napoleonic War as a whole pages narrative,pages in total [Read] ➬ Fisica 1 - Principios y Problemas By Paul W. Zitzewitz – Kleankitchen.co.uk the French army was supreme in continental Europe Only at sea was British power dominant ❰BOOKS❯ ⚣ The Beautiful Disruption Author G.G. Renee Hill – Kleankitchen.co.uk though even with this crucial advantage the British population lived under fear of a French invasion for much of those two decades How was it that despite multiple changes of government and the assassination of a Prime Minister ☉ Games Rednecks Play PDF / Epub ❤ Author Jeff Foxworthy – Kleankitchen.co.uk Britain survived and eventually won a generation long war against a regime which at its peak incommanded many times the resources and manpower This book looks beyond the familiar exploits of the army and navy to the politicians and civil servants [Reading] ➶ The Magic Cottage By James Herbert – Kleankitchen.co.uk and examines how they made it possible to continue the war at all It shows the degree to which the capacities of the whole British population were involved industrialists [Lire] ➼ Practical Object-Oriented Design in Ruby: An Agile Primer (Addison-Wesley Professional Ruby Series) 1, Sandi Metz, eBook - Amazon.com ➹ Sandi Metz – Kleankitchen.co.uk farmers [Read] ➼ Eski Yunanca - Türkçe Sözlük ➹ Güler Çelgin – Kleankitchen.co.uk shipbuilders ❮Reading❯ ➻ Dont Leave Me Alone Author GG – Kleankitchen.co.uk cannon founders ⚣ I Won a Spaceship Books ⚡ Author Harrison Park – Kleankitchen.co.uk gunsmiths and gunpowder manufacturers all had continually to increase quality and output as the demands of the war remorselessly grew The intelligence war was also central Yet no participants were important ❮Reading❯ ➻ The Black Mask Boys Author William F. Nolan – Kleankitchen.co.uk he argues [Download] ➵ Born to Ride (Sons of Chaos MC, By Eva Grace – Kleankitchen.co.uk than the bankers and international traders of the City of London ❰KINDLE❯ ✿ Evangelical Hermeneutics And The New Testament Use Of The Old Testament Author Rynold D Dean – Kleankitchen.co.uk who played a critical role in financing the wars and without whom the armies of Britain s allies could not have taken the fieldThe Duke of Wellington famously said that the battle which finally defeated Napoleon was the nearest run thing you ever saw in your life this book shows how true that was for the Napoleonic War as a whole pages narrative,pages in total Very dense, there is an awful lot of information to digest It is mostly in thematic rather than chronological order, although there is a rough division based around the 1802 Peace of Amiens, where Britain was out of the war I probably ought to have read this after some general histories of the Napoleonic Wars That said, it really does convey the sheer scale of the effort over twenty years to defeat France The author certainly makes their case well that this was a total war akin to the word w Very dense, there is an awful lot of information to digest It is mostly in thematic rather than chronological order, although there is a rough division based around the 1802 Peace of Amiens, where Britain was out of the war I probably ought to have read this after some general histories of the Napoleonic Wars That said, it really does convey the sheer scale of the effort over twenty years to defeat France The author certainly makes their case well that this was a total war akin to the word wars, in my opinion 2 1 2 Stars Read after favorable review in The Economist and by several here Yet, it falls short Incredible amounts of information but hardly a compelling style or organization Hugely repetitive for example, the transition from clerks paid, essentially, by bribe to salaried clerks, is mentioned in nearly every section The most common phrase in the book is as we saw in ChapterThe last few chapters starting with finance are good And one has to enjoy knowing that the watchword f 2 1 2 Stars Read after favorable review in The Economist and by several here Yet, it falls short Incredible amounts of information but hardly a compelling style or organization Hugely repetitive for example, the transition from clerks paid, essentially, by bribe to salaried clerks, is mentioned in nearly every section The most common phrase in the book is as we saw in ChapterThe last few chapters starting with finance are good And one has to enjoy knowing that the watchword for troops quartered in Tulla to quell tensions among resentful Catholic Irish was Stand Off I am loaded page 442.Still, until then, it reads as if it were a stapled together selection of quotes The footnotes actually are a distraction, as if the author wanted to show off extra, but irrelevant, research When he says 1 4 of the carronades supplied in August and September 1804 failed their proof test, I thought a significant fact was to be revealed but the author doesn t follow through with what would have been useful a record however incomplete of improvement over the course of the war To be fair, a few pages later, the book details the change in delivery of muskets 40,000 in 1803 167,000 in 1804.Canning, writing about the Trinity House pilotage and bouyage service, which had plans to sink ships in the Thames should Napoleon invade If blocks should the nation deliverTwo places are safe from the French The one is the mouth of the RiverThe other the Treasury Bench Britain, for most of these wars, faced a strategic difficulty in going on to the offensive through what has been called the amphibious bottleneck The sea gave Britain two advantages It acted as a defensive shield against invasion and allowed the transport of goods and military stores cheaply and quickly But the dependence on wind and weather also made it extremely difficult to transport by sea an army that was large enough to gain ground quickly and achieve an element of surprise.The historical headlines have been usurped by Napoleon and Wellington, the drama of Waterloo and the Congress of Vienna The foundations of military victory, though, lay in the industrial capacity of cannon founders, the expertise of gunsmiths in their machine shops, the diligence of shipbuilders and the makers of ropes, uniforms, gun carriages and gunpowder, the hard work of those who toiled in the increasingly efficient agricultural sector, the merchant seaman whose ships transported vital stores and food, and the crews of packet ships who provided the means of communications throughout the year This is a very good book The author has written a well received biography of Nelson, and it shows The book does not suffer from want of detail or a paucity of interesting tidbits left for the reader.I am a bit torn on the broad story line that is most interesting in Britain Against Napoleon BAN There are at least two and perhaps even three that come to mind.First, we are in the centennial for the Treaty of Versailles and related treaties that ended WW1 Versailles, for lots of reasons inc This is a very good book The author has written a well received biography of Nelson, and it shows The book does not suffer from want of detail or a paucity of interesting tidbits left for the reader.I am a bit torn on the broad story line that is most interesting in Britain Against Napoleon BAN There are at least two and perhaps even three that come to mind.First, we are in the centennial for the Treaty of Versailles and related treaties that ended WW1 Versailles, for lots of reasons including the exclusion of Germany and the USSR, is seen as the exemplar for winning the war but losing the peace a treaty that guaranteed that WW2 would occur as the second part of a 20th century thirty years war.BAN provides an example of the reverse losing the war and winning the peace Knight is not referring to the war against the French and Napoleon that was a war ending in victory and which was accompanied by a fairly resilient peace that came out of the Congress of Vienna Knight is referring to the Treaty of Paris of 1783 that concluded the American War of Independence Knight s global argument in the book is that while Britain lost the colonies, it got the peace right and used the time to build a political economic system that prepared it for the next war and allowed it to defeat Napoleon and dominate the world in the 19th century up through WW1 This is a really good story line and I think the author is spot on in making it.A second story line in BAN is that of organization and bureaucracy as weapons of war Sure, there are great battles that have the potential to change the world, but this is a history of twenty plus years of warfare involving millions of people fighting on land and sea across vast expanses of territory If you can get a sufficient number of ships and crews provisioned and deployed ahead of your enemies and you have an edge that will become increasingly powerful over time This was also one of the very first modern economic wars in which the entire manpower and economy of the nation are pressed into service People can be rallied to great sacrifice and accomplish much in the short term In the long term, national enthusiasm may subside, losses mount, fatigue sets in, and demography becomes a burden You had better have some organizational systems in place that support a mass war effort in the long haul The key is in the title of the book France had Napoleon, but Britain had to have a lotthan a charismatic leader and a committed citizen army and the Royal Navy is as much a big complex and capital intensive system as it is anything else You could even put a modern emphasis on this France had Napoleon but Britain had LOGISTICS The Napoleonic War and the Industrial Revolution merge together here to great effect.There is actually a third narrative running through the book the transition from the traditional aristocratic hierarchy controlling the British war effort to a newer andprofessional bureaucratic organization of the war effort This involved two separate transitions The first is from a system in which office holders did not really have to work too hard and in which they exerted quasi ownership rights over their offices extra pay and bribes, perquisites, etc This old system changed to a system that wasrational and task based, with standardized compensation schemes and work rules, and large bodies of clerks and secretaries to process requests and keep records The change from the old system to the new also involved a generational shift as a new set of leaders, often much younger than those they replaced 30 40 year differences in some cases Knight s account of this transition suggests that it could have been the subject of numerous self help books if such genres had been established at the time There was also a lot of material on the interaction of public agencies and private firms in the course of the wars Developing this further would have required a much longer book.What didn t I like I do not have a lot of complaints One issue I have involves level of analysis If I focus on the administrators and bureaucrats, I keep away from the battle and heroics of the military almost by definition OK, so Napoleon had his issues, but how did France handle or not handle its organizational and bureaucratic issues That did not bother me too much since the book is already quite long and a detailed French comparison would lengthen it further To be clear, this does not negate Knight s arguments and there were some areas of focus on France, such as in the Continental system My concern isone of emphasis and focus Knight does provide for a focused application of his argument towards the end when he discusses in tandem Napoleon s attack on Russia and the continuing war on the Iberian peninsula In both of these campaigns the superior logistics of the allies and the extended geographic strain on the French combined to turn the tide of the entire war against Napoleon Knight also provides some background on financial changes during this period although there could easily have beenWhat better reason for developing a rational bureaucracy than to run an active taxation system This is a challenging book to read, with lots of details, many names, and almost as many subplots Overall, it is well worth the effort and is an outstanding study of bureaucratic organizations and history long before such organization became the norm, especially after WW2 In my small bit of the planet, making a documentary television series on Napoleon, this book is outstanding A massively needed account of a gap in the history of the Napoleonic era Invites readers to think of the Napoleonic Wars as a World War, equivalent to 2WW.

    [Read] ➬ Fisica 1 - Principios y Problemas By Paul W. Zitzewitz – Kleankitchen.co.uk the French army was supreme in continental Europe Only at sea was British power dominant ❰BOOKS❯ ⚣ The Beautiful Disruption Author G.G. Renee Hill – Kleankitchen.co.uk though even with this crucial advantage the British population lived under fear of a French invasion for much of those two decades How was it that despite multiple changes of government and the assassination of a Prime Minister ☉ Games Rednecks Play PDF / Epub ❤ Author Jeff Foxworthy – Kleankitchen.co.uk Britain survived and eventually won a generation long war against a regime which at its peak incommanded many times the resources and manpower This book looks beyond the familiar exploits of the army and navy to the politicians and civil servants [Reading] ➶ The Magic Cottage By James Herbert – Kleankitchen.co.uk and examines how they made it possible to continue the war at all It shows the degree to which the capacities of the whole British population were involved industrialists [Lire] ➼ Practical Object-Oriented Design in Ruby: An Agile Primer (Addison-Wesley Professional Ruby Series) 1, Sandi Metz, eBook - Amazon.com ➹ Sandi Metz – Kleankitchen.co.uk farmers [Read] ➼ Eski Yunanca - Türkçe Sözlük ➹ Güler Çelgin – Kleankitchen.co.uk shipbuilders ❮Reading❯ ➻ Dont Leave Me Alone Author GG – Kleankitchen.co.uk cannon founders ⚣ I Won a Spaceship Books ⚡ Author Harrison Park – Kleankitchen.co.uk gunsmiths and gunpowder manufacturers all had continually to increase quality and output as the demands of the war remorselessly grew The intelligence war was also central Yet no participants were important ❮Reading❯ ➻ The Black Mask Boys Author William F. Nolan – Kleankitchen.co.uk he argues [Download] ➵ Born to Ride (Sons of Chaos MC, By Eva Grace – Kleankitchen.co.uk than the bankers and international traders of the City of London ❰KINDLE❯ ✿ Evangelical Hermeneutics And The New Testament Use Of The Old Testament Author Rynold D Dean – Kleankitchen.co.uk who played a critical role in financing the wars and without whom the armies of Britain s allies could not have taken the fieldThe Duke of Wellington famously said that the battle which finally defeated Napoleon was the nearest run thing you ever saw in your life this book shows how true that was for the Napoleonic War as a whole pages narrative,pages in total Very dense, there is an awful lot of information to digest It is mostly in thematic rather than chronological order, although there is a rough division based around the 1802 Peace of Amiens, where Britain was out of the war I probably ought to have read this after some general histories of the Napoleonic Wars That said, it really does convey the sheer scale of the effort over twenty years to defeat France The author certainly makes their case well that this was a total war akin to the word w Very dense, there is an awful lot of information to digest It is mostly in thematic rather than chronological order, although there is a rough division based around the 1802 Peace of Amiens, where Britain was out of the war I probably ought to have read this after some general histories of the Napoleonic Wars That said, it really does convey the sheer scale of the effort over twenty years to defeat France The author certainly makes their case well that this was a total war akin to the word wars, in my opinion 2 1 2 Stars Read after favorable review in The Economist and by several here Yet, it falls short Incredible amounts of information but hardly a compelling style or organization Hugely repetitive for example, the transition from clerks paid, essentially, by bribe to salaried clerks, is mentioned in nearly every section The most common phrase in the book is as we saw in ChapterThe last few chapters starting with finance are good And one has to enjoy knowing that the watchword f 2 1 2 Stars Read after favorable review in The Economist and by several here Yet, it falls short Incredible amounts of information but hardly a compelling style or organization Hugely repetitive for example, the transition from clerks paid, essentially, by bribe to salaried clerks, is mentioned in nearly every section The most common phrase in the book is as we saw in ChapterThe last few chapters starting with finance are good And one has to enjoy knowing that the watchword for troops quartered in Tulla to quell tensions among resentful Catholic Irish was Stand Off I am loaded page 442.Still, until then, it reads as if it were a stapled together selection of quotes The footnotes actually are a distraction, as if the author wanted to show off extra, but irrelevant, research When he says 1 4 of the carronades supplied in August and September 1804 failed their proof test, I thought a significant fact was to be revealed but the author doesn t follow through with what would have been useful a record however incomplete of improvement over the course of the war To be fair, a few pages later, the book details the change in delivery of muskets 40,000 in 1803 167,000 in 1804.Canning, writing about the Trinity House pilotage and bouyage service, which had plans to sink ships in the Thames should Napoleon invade If blocks should the nation deliverTwo places are safe from the French The one is the mouth of the RiverThe other the Treasury Bench Britain, for most of these wars, faced a strategic difficulty in going on to the offensive through what has been called the amphibious bottleneck The sea gave Britain two advantages It acted as a defensive shield against invasion and allowed the transport of goods and military stores cheaply and quickly But the dependence on wind and weather also made it extremely difficult to transport by sea an army that was large enough to gain ground quickly and achieve an element of surprise.The historical headlines have been usurped by Napoleon and Wellington, the drama of Waterloo and the Congress of Vienna The foundations of military victory, though, lay in the industrial capacity of cannon founders, the expertise of gunsmiths in their machine shops, the diligence of shipbuilders and the makers of ropes, uniforms, gun carriages and gunpowder, the hard work of those who toiled in the increasingly efficient agricultural sector, the merchant seaman whose ships transported vital stores and food, and the crews of packet ships who provided the means of communications throughout the year This is a very good book The author has written a well received biography of Nelson, and it shows The book does not suffer from want of detail or a paucity of interesting tidbits left for the reader.I am a bit torn on the broad story line that is most interesting in Britain Against Napoleon BAN There are at least two and perhaps even three that come to mind.First, we are in the centennial for the Treaty of Versailles and related treaties that ended WW1 Versailles, for lots of reasons inc This is a very good book The author has written a well received biography of Nelson, and it shows The book does not suffer from want of detail or a paucity of interesting tidbits left for the reader.I am a bit torn on the broad story line that is most interesting in Britain Against Napoleon BAN There are at least two and perhaps even three that come to mind.First, we are in the centennial for the Treaty of Versailles and related treaties that ended WW1 Versailles, for lots of reasons including the exclusion of Germany and the USSR, is seen as the exemplar for winning the war but losing the peace a treaty that guaranteed that WW2 would occur as the second part of a 20th century thirty years war.BAN provides an example of the reverse losing the war and winning the peace Knight is not referring to the war against the French and Napoleon that was a war ending in victory and which was accompanied by a fairly resilient peace that came out of the Congress of Vienna Knight is referring to the Treaty of Paris of 1783 that concluded the American War of Independence Knight s global argument in the book is that while Britain lost the colonies, it got the peace right and used the time to build a political economic system that prepared it for the next war and allowed it to defeat Napoleon and dominate the world in the 19th century up through WW1 This is a really good story line and I think the author is spot on in making it.A second story line in BAN is that of organization and bureaucracy as weapons of war Sure, there are great battles that have the potential to change the world, but this is a history of twenty plus years of warfare involving millions of people fighting on land and sea across vast expanses of territory If you can get a sufficient number of ships and crews provisioned and deployed ahead of your enemies and you have an edge that will become increasingly powerful over time This was also one of the very first modern economic wars in which the entire manpower and economy of the nation are pressed into service People can be rallied to great sacrifice and accomplish much in the short term In the long term, national enthusiasm may subside, losses mount, fatigue sets in, and demography becomes a burden You had better have some organizational systems in place that support a mass war effort in the long haul The key is in the title of the book France had Napoleon, but Britain had to have a lotthan a charismatic leader and a committed citizen army and the Royal Navy is as much a big complex and capital intensive system as it is anything else You could even put a modern emphasis on this France had Napoleon but Britain had LOGISTICS The Napoleonic War and the Industrial Revolution merge together here to great effect.There is actually a third narrative running through the book the transition from the traditional aristocratic hierarchy controlling the British war effort to a newer andprofessional bureaucratic organization of the war effort This involved two separate transitions The first is from a system in which office holders did not really have to work too hard and in which they exerted quasi ownership rights over their offices extra pay and bribes, perquisites, etc This old system changed to a system that wasrational and task based, with standardized compensation schemes and work rules, and large bodies of clerks and secretaries to process requests and keep records The change from the old system to the new also involved a generational shift as a new set of leaders, often much younger than those they replaced 30 40 year differences in some cases Knight s account of this transition suggests that it could have been the subject of numerous self help books if such genres had been established at the time There was also a lot of material on the interaction of public agencies and private firms in the course of the wars Developing this further would have required a much longer book.What didn t I like I do not have a lot of complaints One issue I have involves level of analysis If I focus on the administrators and bureaucrats, I keep away from the battle and heroics of the military almost by definition OK, so Napoleon had his issues, but how did France handle or not handle its organizational and bureaucratic issues That did not bother me too much since the book is already quite long and a detailed French comparison would lengthen it further To be clear, this does not negate Knight s arguments and there were some areas of focus on France, such as in the Continental system My concern isone of emphasis and focus Knight does provide for a focused application of his argument towards the end when he discusses in tandem Napoleon s attack on Russia and the continuing war on the Iberian peninsula In both of these campaigns the superior logistics of the allies and the extended geographic strain on the French combined to turn the tide of the entire war against Napoleon Knight also provides some background on financial changes during this period although there could easily have beenWhat better reason for developing a rational bureaucracy than to run an active taxation system This is a challenging book to read, with lots of details, many names, and almost as many subplots Overall, it is well worth the effort and is an outstanding study of bureaucratic organizations and history long before such organization became the norm, especially after WW2 In my small bit of the planet, making a documentary television series on Napoleon, this book is outstanding A massively needed account of a gap in the history of the Napoleonic era Invites readers to think of the Napoleonic Wars as a World War, equivalent to 2WW."/>
  • Hardcover
  • 678 pages
  • Britain Against Napoleon: The Organization of Victory, 1793-1815
  • R.J.B. Knight
  • English
  • 04 October 2018
  • 184614177X

About the Author: R.J.B. Knight

Roger John Beckett Knight is one of the leading scholars in the field of 18th century and Napoleonic era British naval history A former Deputy Director of the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich, he is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society and has served as a member of the council of both the Society for Nautical Research and the Navy Records Society.


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