Giovanni Gentile Philosopher of Facism Epub Ó

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Giovanni Gentile Philosopher of Facism The recent rise in Europe of extreme right wing political parties along with outbreaks of violent nationalist fervor in the former communist bloc has occasioned much speculation on a possible resurgence of fascism At the polemical level fascism has become a generic term applied to virtually any form of real or potential violence while among Marxist and left wing scholars discredited interpretations of fascism as a product of late capitalism are revived Empty of cognitive significance these formulas disregard the historical and philosophical roots of fascism as it arose in Italy and spread throughout Europe In Giovanni Gentile Philosopher of Fascism A James Gregor returns to those roots by examining the thought of Italian Fascism's major theoristIn Gregor's reading of Gentile fascism was and remains an anti democratic reaction to what were seen to be the domination by advanced industrial democracies of less developed or status deprived communities and nations languishing on the margins of the Great Powers Sketching in the political background of late nineteenth century Italy industrially backward and only recently unified Gregor shows how Gentile supplied fascism its justificatory rationale as a developmental dictatorship Gentile's Actualism as his philosophy came to be identified absorbed many intellectual currents of the early twentieth century including nationalism syndicalism and futurism and united them in a dynamic rebellion against new perceived hegemonic impostures of imperialism The individual was called to an idealistic ethic of obedience work self sacrifice and national community As Gregor demonstrates it was a paradigm of what we can expect in the twenty first century's response on the part of marginal nations to the globalization of the industrialized democracies Gregor cites post Maoist China nationalist Russia Africa and the Balkans at the development stage from which fascism could growThe first book length analysis in English of Gentile's thought in over thirty years this volume is valuable not only as a work of historical scholarship but as a timely warning While Marxism Leninism has passed into history fascism may yet reemerge as an external threat to democratic nations The fundamental study of one of the most important and original philosophers of fascism this book is short and also contains an important study of the metaphysical foundations of Marxism which is in my opinion correct in all but one of its particulars