1434: The Year a Magnificent Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy


1434: The Year a Magnificent Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy and Ignited the Renaissance The New York Times bestselling author ofoffers another stunning reappraisal of history, presenting compelling new evidence that traces the roots of the European Renaissance to Chinese exploration in the fifteenth centuryThe brilliance of the Renaissance laid the foundation of the modern world Textbooks tell us that it came about as a result of a rediscovery of the ideas and ideals of classical Greece and Rome But now bestselling historian Gavin Menzies makes the startling argument that in the year , China then the world s most technologically advanced civilization provided the spark that set the European Renaissance ablaze From that date onward, Europeans embraced Chinese intellectual ideas, discoveries, and inventions, all of which form the basis of western civilization todayFlorence and Venice of the early fifteenth century were hubs of world trade, attracting traders from across the globe Based on years of research, this marvelous history argues that a Chinese fleet official ambassadors of the emperor arrived in Tuscany in , where they were received by Pope Eugenius IV in Florence The delegation presented the influential pope with a wealth of Chinese learning from a diverse range of fields art, geography including world maps that were passed on to Christopher Columbus and Ferdinand Magellan , astronomy, mathematics, printing, architecture, steel manufacturing, military weaponry, and This vast treasure trove of knowledge spread across Europe, igniting the legendary inventiveness of the Renaissance, including the work of such geniuses as da Vinci, Copernicus, Galileo, andIn , Gavin Menzies combines this long overdue historical reexamination with the excitement of an investigative adventure He brings the reader aboard the remarkable Chinese fleet as it sails from China to Cairo and Florence, and then back across the world Erudite and brilliantly reasoned,will change the way we see ourselves, our history, and our world ✅ Book Lover PDF / Epub ⚣ Author Jennifer Kaufman – Kleankitchen.co.uk presenting compelling new evidence that traces the roots of the European Renaissance to Chinese exploration in the fifteenth centuryThe brilliance of the Renaissance laid the foundation of the modern world Textbooks tell us that it came about as a result of a rediscovery of the ideas and ideals of classical Greece and Rome But now bestselling historian Gavin Menzies makes the startling argument that in the year [Ebook] ➧ Secret Delivery / Her 24-Hour Protector ➭ Delores Fossen – Kleankitchen.co.uk China then the world s most technologically advanced civilization provided the spark that set the European Renaissance ablaze From that date onward ❮PDF❯ ❤ Kholodovs Last Mistress Author Kate Hewitt – Kleankitchen.co.uk Europeans embraced Chinese intellectual ideas [Télécharger] ➵ Wicked Sinner (Regency Sinners 7) Auteur Carole Mortimer – Kleankitchen.co.uk discoveries ❰Epub❯ ➞ If the Stiletto Fits... Author Wendy Etherington – Kleankitchen.co.uk and inventions ❮Read❯ ➸ What Phoebe Wants (Harlequin Flipside, ➻ Author Cindi Myers – Kleankitchen.co.uk all of which form the basis of western civilization todayFlorence and Venice of the early fifteenth century were hubs of world trade ❰PDF❯ ❤ Ruthlessly Royal (Self-Made Millionaires Author Robyn Donald – Kleankitchen.co.uk attracting traders from across the globe Based on years of research [PDF / Epub] ☉ An Amish Family Christmas Author Marta Perry – Kleankitchen.co.uk this marvelous history argues that a Chinese fleet official ambassadors of the emperor arrived in Tuscany in ☁ [PDF / Epub] ☀ Interrupted Lullaby By Dana R. Lynn ✎ – Kleankitchen.co.uk where they were received by Pope Eugenius IV in Florence The delegation presented the influential pope with a wealth of Chinese learning from a diverse range of fields art [PDF / Epub] ☁ Gift-Wrapped Governess By Sophia James – Kleankitchen.co.uk geography including world maps that were passed on to Christopher Columbus and Ferdinand Magellan ➯ [Read] ➫ Vows of Revenge By Dani Collins ➻ – Kleankitchen.co.uk astronomy ❰Read❯ ➪ Not a Fairy Tale Author Romy Sommer – Kleankitchen.co.uk mathematics ❰Download❯ ➾ The Midwife and the Single Dad Author Gill Sanderson – Kleankitchen.co.uk printing ❰Read❯ ➪ Small-Town Billionaire Author Renee Andrews – Kleankitchen.co.uk architecture [Ebook] ➥ A Convenient Marriage By Maggie Cox – Kleankitchen.co.uk steel manufacturing [EPUB] ✶ A French Pirouette By Jennifer Bohnet – Kleankitchen.co.uk military weaponry [PDF / Epub] ✩ The Doctors Courageous Bride ☉ Dianne Drake – Kleankitchen.co.uk and This vast treasure trove of knowledge spread across Europe [PDF / Epub] ✅ The Demure Miss Manning By Amanda McCabe – Kleankitchen.co.uk igniting the legendary inventiveness of the Renaissance ❄ [EPUB] ✼ Her Christmas Guardian Protective Instincts By Shirlee McCoy ➝ – Kleankitchen.co.uk including the work of such geniuses as da Vinci ❮EPUB❯ ❄ The Singalong Society for Singletons ✿ Author Katey Lovell – Kleankitchen.co.uk Copernicus [PDF] ✎ The Bodyguard ⚡ Rhonda Nelson – Kleankitchen.co.uk Galileo ❮Ebook❯ ➦ A Doctor for the Nanny Author Leigh Bale – Kleankitchen.co.uk andIn ❰PDF / Epub❯ ☃ Sex, Lies and Designer Shoes Author Kimberly Van Meter – Kleankitchen.co.uk Gavin Menzies combines this long overdue historical reexamination with the excitement of an investigative adventure He brings the reader aboard the remarkable Chinese fleet as it sails from China to Cairo and Florence [BOOKS] ✮ Cinderella And The Ceo Author Susan Meier – Kleankitchen.co.uk and then back across the world Erudite and brilliantly reasoned,will change the way we see ourselves ❮Read❯ ➱ The Single Dads Marriage Wish ➵ Author Carol Marinelli – Kleankitchen.co.uk our history ➚ [KINDLE] ❄ Savage Courtship (Harlequin Presents, No 1744) By Susan Napier ➤ – Kleankitchen.co.uk and our world Couldn t finish this book It was one continuous advertisement for the author s website and theories Interesting ideas were discussed, but I think this guy does not follow a scientific approach to research Instead he starts with the idea that every significant technological advance and geographical discovery was first accomplished by or only achieved because of the Chinese His book is a proof of that thesis, but I m not entirely convinced and got sick of being referred to his website which Couldn t finish this book It was one continuous advertisement for the author s website and theories Interesting ideas were discussed, but I think this guy does not follow a scientific approach to research Instead he starts with the idea that every significant technological advance and geographical discovery was first accomplished by or only achieved because of the Chinese His book is a proof of that thesis, but I m not entirely convinced and got sick of being referred to his website which is supposed to help me believe what the book couldn t convince me of An absolute piece of nonsense Menzies, like Erich von Daniken Chariots of the Gods before him, is fixed on a theory of history and evaluates data only on the basis of whether they fit his theory It is amusing that some of the very things von Daniken insisted were gifts of extraterrestrials Menzies claim came from early 15th Century Chinese And like von Daniken with his aliens, Menzies doesn t think anyone but the Chinese came up with anything technological on their own This book consider An absolute piece of nonsense Menzies, like Erich von Daniken Chariots of the Gods before him, is fixed on a theory of history and evaluates data only on the basis of whether they fit his theory It is amusing that some of the very things von Daniken insisted were gifts of extraterrestrials Menzies claim came from early 15th Century Chinese And like von Daniken with his aliens, Menzies doesn t think anyone but the Chinese came up with anything technological on their own This book considers the highly questionable notion that a massive Chinese embassy fleet made its way somehow through the Red Sea Nile canal in Egypt, descended on Venice and other Italian cities, and made possible the Renaissance Well, maybe But Menzies makes so many basic errors that the entire corpus becomes questionable For example, he insists Columbus and other navigators already knew of the American continents in advance, ignoring Columbus own delusional after action reports He imagines that the Chinese taught the Europeans that the world was round, in spite of copious evidence that this was already well understood Menzies imagines that Europeans didn t know a fig about oceanic navigation, although there s considerable evidence to the contrary And so on The work is junk history, the argument is not plausible, and Menzies leaves us laughing from page to page His next book is already promised, claiming presumably that the Chinese Admiral Zheng He, after travelling the entire world, passes away and is buried near Asheville North Carolina Oh my The only thing worse than Gavin Menzies writing is his faulty logic and poor research 1434 is an example of what happens when someone starts with a fantastic conclusion, come up with a series of unproven events leading to that conclusion, and ignores any contradictory evidence Mr Menzie s argument goes as follows In 1434, a Chinese Fleet sailed to Italy and met with the pope No 15th century accounts exist in Italy or elsewhere in the Mediterranean of a large fleet of Chinese Junks being The only thing worse than Gavin Menzies writing is his faulty logic and poor research 1434 is an example of what happens when someone starts with a fantastic conclusion, come up with a series of unproven events leading to that conclusion, and ignores any contradictory evidence Mr Menzie s argument goes as follows In 1434, a Chinese Fleet sailed to Italy and met with the pope No 15th century accounts exist in Italy or elsewhere in the Mediterranean of a large fleet of Chinese Junks being sighted.This fleet reached the Mediterranean via a canal between the Red Sea and the Nile No such canal existed then.Chinese Eunuch Admiral Zheng He led the fleet to Italy By all reports, he had previously died in Calcutta.Books and charts left by the fleet inspired renaissance thinkers and explorers including Da Vinci, Columbus, Magellan, etc Menzies describes mountains of books and charts, none of which have been found in Italy Also, who in Renaissance Italy could read Mandarin Admiral Zheng He then traveled to America and died somewhere near Asheville, NC Yes, Menzies actually claims this but provides no evidence or an explanation how the Chinese got to North America and traveled 300 miles inland Admiral Zheng He did exist and made several voyages across the Indian Ocean but his fleet never made it farther than Africa His journeys importance do not need to be exaggerated Chinese culture also undoubtedly influenced Europe before 1434 Marco Polo s journeys occurred 150 years previously and overland trade between China and the Middle East exited centuries before then Menzies unsubstantiated book belongs on a shelf next to legends about Atlantis, Crystal Skulls, and pyramid building aliens and shouldn t be taken as historical fact.Forinformation, I suggest the below NatGeo article about Admiral Zheng He.http ngm.nationalgeographic.com ngm Promising subject matter undone by unreadable prose and inscrutable logical progression I can t explain the author s lengthy digressions into maritime minutiae while broadly glossing overfundamental questions raised by his thesis, other than by supposing he s a sailor first and author second.


About the Author: Gavin Menzies

Former British submarine commander and amateur historian.Menzies is most known for his book 1421 The Year China Discovered the World which claims that the Chinese admiral Zheng He discovered America in 1421.In his follow up book 1434 He claims that the European Renaissance was sparked by the Chinese.


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