Paperback â Vineland Kindle ✓


Vineland Vineland, a zone of blessed anarchy in northern California, is the last refuge of hippiedom, a culture devastated by the sobriety epidemic, Reaganomics, and the Tube Here, in an Orwellian , Zoyd Wheeler and his daughter Prairie search for Prairie s long lost mother, a Sixties radical who ran off with a narc Vineland is vintage Pynchon, full of quasi allegorical characters, elaborate unresolved subplots, corny songs Floozy with an Uzi , movie spoofs Pee wee Herman in The Robert Musil Story , and illicit sex including a macho variation on the infamous sportscar scene in VFor than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English speaking world With than , titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up to date translations by award winning translators [Reading] ➺ Muerte en Hamburgo (Jan Fabel, By Craig Russell – Kleankitchen.co.uk a zone of blessed anarchy in northern California [Read] ➹ Jazz Age Stories ➵ F. Scott Fitzgerald – Kleankitchen.co.uk is the last refuge of hippiedom ❮Ebook❯ ➣ Much Obliged, Jeeves Author P.G. Wodehouse – Kleankitchen.co.uk a culture devastated by the sobriety epidemic ❮Reading❯ ➺ The Wrong Blood Author Manuel de Lope – Kleankitchen.co.uk Reaganomics ➾ [Download] ➻ The Customer-Funded Business By John W. Mullins ➷ – Kleankitchen.co.uk and the Tube Here [PDF / Epub] ☃ The Affair By Emma Kavanagh – Kleankitchen.co.uk in an Orwellian ❮Read❯ ➵ Summer People & The Little House Author Shirley Jackson – Kleankitchen.co.uk Zoyd Wheeler and his daughter Prairie search for Prairie s long lost mother [PDF] ✅ Beautiful Creatures By Lulu Taylor – Kleankitchen.co.uk a Sixties radical who ran off with a narc Vineland is vintage Pynchon ❰Reading❯ ➾ Dr. Simon Forman Author Judith Cook – Kleankitchen.co.uk full of quasi allegorical characters [Download] ✤ Susannah (Sunfire, By Candice Ransom – Kleankitchen.co.uk elaborate unresolved subplots ✻ [EPUB] ✰ An Obsession with Cigar Box Guitars By David Sutton ❅ – Kleankitchen.co.uk corny songs Floozy with an Uzi ❴PDF / Epub❵ ★ The Folded Earth: A Novel Auteur Anuradha Roy – Kleankitchen.co.uk movie spoofs Pee wee Herman in The Robert Musil Story [PDF / Epub] ✅ Charity Girl By Georgette Heyer – Kleankitchen.co.uk and illicit sex including a macho variation on the infamous sportscar scene in VFor than seventy years ❮Download❯ ➾ Confession (Daniel Jacquot, ➹ Author Martin O& – Kleankitchen.co.uk Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English speaking world With than [Reading] ➻ Sisters of Treason (The Tudor Trilogy, By Elizabeth Fremantle – Kleankitchen.co.uk titles ❮Read❯ ➲ Sisters of Treason Author Elizabeth Fremantle – Kleankitchen.co.uk Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors [PDF] ❤ Murder on the Thirty-first Floor By Per Wahlöö – Kleankitchen.co.uk as well as up to date translations by award winning translators Pynchonian zaniness fibrous nutrition at the sentence level fun to read hermeneutical political leaving plenty of lacunae in immediate comprehension to commit intellectual effervescence, not to mention I m of an age to not to have to look up most of the cultural references. Vineland is downplayed by Pynchon fans and completely ignored by curious newbies, who tend to pass over it in favour either of the big game status of one of his doorstop meganovels, or of the appealing slenderness of The Crying of Lot 49 Shame All his gifts and his mysteries are on display here, wrapped up in one of his most enjoyable, inexplicable, and lushly all enveloping plots Rereading it now, I mconvinced than ever that it s terribly underrated.The essential storyline, if there is Vineland is downplayed by Pynchon fans and completely ignored by curious newbies, who tend to pass over it in favour either of the big game status of one of his doorstop meganovels, or of the appealing slenderness of The Crying of Lot 49 Shame All his gifts and his mysteries are on display here, wrapped up in one of his most enjoyable, inexplicable, and lushly all enveloping plots Rereading it now, I mconvinced than ever that it s terribly underrated.The essential storyline, if there is one, concerns the quest of fourteen year old Prairie to find her long lost mother Frenesi, a hippy chick revolutionary turned government informer, who has left a string of lovesick boys and girls wherever she s been But around this kernel Pynchon deposits layer upon layer of sub plots, super plots, side plots and inter plots until you are wading thigh deep through new characters, new locations, new sensations, on every page.It reads chaotically, but the chaos is intricately plotted Pynchon is doing twenty things at once in this book, and all of them brilliantly Prairie s story is set in the 1980s, but the key events in Frenesi s life happened fifteen or twenty years before that and what Vineland is really about is what happened to that generation How the counterculture kids of the 1960s turned into the Reagan voters of the 1980s In that sense it s a political novel.OK, a political novel, all right but that doesn t really explain the experience of this book, does it Because along the way we have a psychic detective investigating a Godzilla attack, we have a UFO abduction during a passenger flight to Hawaii, we have a community of kunoichi, or female ninjas, in the Californian hills, a political prison deep in a nuclear fallout shelter, a Tokyo sex auction, a community of zombie ghosts, and a potted history of mallrats Often these incidents are slipped in obliquely, so that you put the book down blinking, as though coming up from hypnosis, thinking vaguely did I really read that Did I get that impression from the words on the page, or was I imagining something on my own initiativePynchon is a master at palming ideas off unseen, addinganddependent clauses to his sentences, pushing the key information further and further down, so that it seeps in through a kind of osmosis and, though you understand what he s talking about, you don t quite recall being told.This sense of fluidity is abetted by his extraordinary ability to slip n slide time and place when you least expect it, jumping in and out of different timezones without the usual formalities but without, also, any jarringly experimental effects Have a look at what happens during this conversation sometime in the 1970s, where Prairie s dad Zoyd is talking to a friend about finding somewhere to stay near Frenesi s family On the one hand, you don t want this turning into your mother in law s trip, on the other hand, they might know about someplace to crash, if so don t forget your old pal, a garage, a woodshed, a outhouse, don t matter, s just me and Chloe Chloe your dog Oh yeah, you brought her up Think she s pregnant Don t know if it happened here or down south But they all turned out to look like their mother, and each then went on to begin a dynasty in Vineland, from among one of whose litters, picked out for the gleam in his eye, was to come Zoyd and Prairie s dog, Desmond By that time Zoyd had found a piece of land with a drilled well up off Vegetable Road, bought a trailer from a couple headed back to L.A., and was starting to put together a full day s work Whoa, whoa, whoa, did you catch that We just panned down to the dog for half a sentence, and before you know it we ve followed two generations of puppies all the way through a quick ten years, so that Pynchon can now sleight of hand straight into a conversation in the 80s without having to do any ponderous throat clearing of the Several years later variety He pulls this shit on every page and he is GOOD at it Most of them you won t even notice.Pynchon s women, as always, are cool and concupiscent, but the horniness is balanced here uniquely in his oeuvre by having a wry female protagonist who is never sexualised Prairie is unflappable, observant, the writing never patronises her she s one of the great teenage girls in fiction.Frenesi, by contrast, is the archetypal Pynchonic femme fatale, replaying the author s usual paranoid sexual fantasy of how nice girls just can t resist the manly charms of the Asshole King, who goes here by the name of Brock Vond, a federal neofascist who s eagerly prosecuting the Republicans War on Drugs A lot of people who discuss Vineland find Frenesi s motivation implausible would she really throw everything away, her politics, her principles, her daughter, just because she can t stop fucking this guy And is Pynchon really going to hinge his entire Heath Robinson plot on such a flimsy velleity Yeah, he is, and the book doesn t get enough credit for playing such a calculated move I m not some pure creature, Frenesi agonises at one point, during a painful imagined break up with a girlfriend who put her on the usual pedestal you know what happens when my pussy s runnin the show It s a dynamic played out in almost all his books, but the collateral resonances are nowhere madeobvious, the D S overtones in her submission to Brock prefiguring something essential about what happened to her whole generation Brock Vond s genius was to have seen in the activities of the sixties left not threats to order but unacknowledged desires for it.There s the whole novel in a sentence Does Pynchon believe it Say rather that it s his secret fear That s why it s necessary for it to play out on the interpersonal level too, which pretty soon, given his characters, comes round to some kind of Sylvia Plathlike every woman adores a fascist deal Vineland is infused with a genuine, unfashionable nostalgia for the acid dreams of the Sixties, but a nostalgia tempered by the resolve to assess the roots of its failures as time went by and revolution went blending into commerce Against these incursions all he can offer are the tried and tested defences of sex, drugs, and rock n roll.Mucho went to the stereo and put on The Best of Sam Cooke, volumes 1 and 2, and then they sat together and listened, both of them, to the sermon, one they knew and felt their hearts comforted by, though outside spread the lampless wastes, the unseen paybacks, the heartless power of the scablands garrison state the green free America of their childhoods even then was turning into.You can sink into this book and swim in it, and the pages will close up over your head It s just beautifully made hilarious and sexy and sad and constantly provocative And it hasto say about what the 1980s were really about than any number of Brett Easton Ellis or Martin Amis or Jonathan Coe novels can manage Perhaps it s not objectively his best book, but it is, for my money, his most fun So when you think of Pynchon you think of serious work, right And trudgery and difficulty and obfuscation and pedanticism, and like this dizzying thing that just makes you feel unintellectual and slow for never being able to catch up, right Well if that is the case, you have never readVinelandBecause oh my god This book is so fucking good.I m not going to try to summarize or anything, because this book is too sprawling and reeling, and anyway that would be an afront to its amazingnes So when you think of Pynchon you think of serious work, right And trudgery and difficulty and obfuscation and pedanticism, and like this dizzying thing that just makes you feel unintellectual and slow for never being able to catch up, right Well if that is the case, you have never readVinelandBecause oh my god This book is so fucking good.I m not going to try to summarize or anything, because this book is too sprawling and reeling, and anyway that would be an afront to its amazingness But look, it s got all the same basic building blocks as any Pynchon book a million characters exhaustively historied, unfollowable plot twists, crazy ranting paranoia, incredibly phraseology, bizarre songs, sixties culture, sex and violence in fact, large swaths are oddly comparable to Kill Bill, if you ask me but it s done at a much easier level somehow It s muchaccessible, it s hilarious and warm, and you don t feel like you re in quicksand the whole time, just desperately trying to understand and keep breathing See, people never talk about the really unimaginable joy that soars through Pynchon s work And beauty I mean look, this book is tough, for sure, and I won t try to claim that I understood everything, but honestly it just doesn t matter It s just so much fun to read It s not work at all And the ending Once I had like thirty pages left I started getting that dark foreboding feeling, you know, like there s no way he can end this satisfactorily, there just isn t enough space I was so sure he was going to do something horrible, leaving everything messy and unfulfilling, end things like right in the middle of a sentence or something, but no The ending was beautiful, just like the rest of the book, totally satisfying and wonderful Jeez I loved this book Wow This is without a doubt one of the most insane books ever written, even by Pynchon s standards this is something else, the characters are bonkers, the story if you could call it that is nuts , not a lot makes sense, the writing feels schizophrenic, there are moments that could have come from things such as, James Bond, Tarantino, Asian ninja flicks, cartoons, the hippie movement, 80 s action B movies, spirituality and a whole lotThe one thing that s in it s favour is the fact it was just This is without a doubt one of the most insane books ever written, even by Pynchon s standards this is something else, the characters are bonkers, the story if you could call it that is nuts , not a lot makes sense, the writing feels schizophrenic, there are moments that could have come from things such as, James Bond, Tarantino, Asian ninja flicks, cartoons, the hippie movement, 80 s action B movies, spirituality and a whole lotThe one thing that s in it s favour is the fact it was just so much fun to read , you are riding the crest of one crazy wave, best to just go with the flow and let Pynchon s unique vision take hold

    [Reading] ➺ Muerte en Hamburgo (Jan Fabel, By Craig Russell – Kleankitchen.co.uk a zone of blessed anarchy in northern California [Read] ➹ Jazz Age Stories ➵ F. Scott Fitzgerald – Kleankitchen.co.uk is the last refuge of hippiedom ❮Ebook❯ ➣ Much Obliged, Jeeves Author P.G. Wodehouse – Kleankitchen.co.uk a culture devastated by the sobriety epidemic ❮Reading❯ ➺ The Wrong Blood Author Manuel de Lope – Kleankitchen.co.uk Reaganomics ➾ [Download] ➻ The Customer-Funded Business By John W. Mullins ➷ – Kleankitchen.co.uk and the Tube Here [PDF / Epub] ☃ The Affair By Emma Kavanagh – Kleankitchen.co.uk in an Orwellian ❮Read❯ ➵ Summer People & The Little House Author Shirley Jackson – Kleankitchen.co.uk Zoyd Wheeler and his daughter Prairie search for Prairie s long lost mother [PDF] ✅ Beautiful Creatures By Lulu Taylor – Kleankitchen.co.uk a Sixties radical who ran off with a narc Vineland is vintage Pynchon ❰Reading❯ ➾ Dr. Simon Forman Author Judith Cook – Kleankitchen.co.uk full of quasi allegorical characters [Download] ✤ Susannah (Sunfire, By Candice Ransom – Kleankitchen.co.uk elaborate unresolved subplots ✻ [EPUB] ✰ An Obsession with Cigar Box Guitars By David Sutton ❅ – Kleankitchen.co.uk corny songs Floozy with an Uzi ❴PDF / Epub❵ ★ The Folded Earth: A Novel Auteur Anuradha Roy – Kleankitchen.co.uk movie spoofs Pee wee Herman in The Robert Musil Story [PDF / Epub] ✅ Charity Girl By Georgette Heyer – Kleankitchen.co.uk and illicit sex including a macho variation on the infamous sportscar scene in VFor than seventy years ❮Download❯ ➾ Confession (Daniel Jacquot, ➹ Author Martin O& – Kleankitchen.co.uk Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English speaking world With than [Reading] ➻ Sisters of Treason (The Tudor Trilogy, By Elizabeth Fremantle – Kleankitchen.co.uk titles ❮Read❯ ➲ Sisters of Treason Author Elizabeth Fremantle – Kleankitchen.co.uk Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors [PDF] ❤ Murder on the Thirty-first Floor By Per Wahlöö – Kleankitchen.co.uk as well as up to date translations by award winning translators Pynchonian zaniness fibrous nutrition at the sentence level fun to read hermeneutical political leaving plenty of lacunae in immediate comprehension to commit intellectual effervescence, not to mention I m of an age to not to have to look up most of the cultural references. Vineland is downplayed by Pynchon fans and completely ignored by curious newbies, who tend to pass over it in favour either of the big game status of one of his doorstop meganovels, or of the appealing slenderness of The Crying of Lot 49 Shame All his gifts and his mysteries are on display here, wrapped up in one of his most enjoyable, inexplicable, and lushly all enveloping plots Rereading it now, I mconvinced than ever that it s terribly underrated.The essential storyline, if there is Vineland is downplayed by Pynchon fans and completely ignored by curious newbies, who tend to pass over it in favour either of the big game status of one of his doorstop meganovels, or of the appealing slenderness of The Crying of Lot 49 Shame All his gifts and his mysteries are on display here, wrapped up in one of his most enjoyable, inexplicable, and lushly all enveloping plots Rereading it now, I mconvinced than ever that it s terribly underrated.The essential storyline, if there is one, concerns the quest of fourteen year old Prairie to find her long lost mother Frenesi, a hippy chick revolutionary turned government informer, who has left a string of lovesick boys and girls wherever she s been But around this kernel Pynchon deposits layer upon layer of sub plots, super plots, side plots and inter plots until you are wading thigh deep through new characters, new locations, new sensations, on every page.It reads chaotically, but the chaos is intricately plotted Pynchon is doing twenty things at once in this book, and all of them brilliantly Prairie s story is set in the 1980s, but the key events in Frenesi s life happened fifteen or twenty years before that and what Vineland is really about is what happened to that generation How the counterculture kids of the 1960s turned into the Reagan voters of the 1980s In that sense it s a political novel.OK, a political novel, all right but that doesn t really explain the experience of this book, does it Because along the way we have a psychic detective investigating a Godzilla attack, we have a UFO abduction during a passenger flight to Hawaii, we have a community of kunoichi, or female ninjas, in the Californian hills, a political prison deep in a nuclear fallout shelter, a Tokyo sex auction, a community of zombie ghosts, and a potted history of mallrats Often these incidents are slipped in obliquely, so that you put the book down blinking, as though coming up from hypnosis, thinking vaguely did I really read that Did I get that impression from the words on the page, or was I imagining something on my own initiativePynchon is a master at palming ideas off unseen, addinganddependent clauses to his sentences, pushing the key information further and further down, so that it seeps in through a kind of osmosis and, though you understand what he s talking about, you don t quite recall being told.This sense of fluidity is abetted by his extraordinary ability to slip n slide time and place when you least expect it, jumping in and out of different timezones without the usual formalities but without, also, any jarringly experimental effects Have a look at what happens during this conversation sometime in the 1970s, where Prairie s dad Zoyd is talking to a friend about finding somewhere to stay near Frenesi s family On the one hand, you don t want this turning into your mother in law s trip, on the other hand, they might know about someplace to crash, if so don t forget your old pal, a garage, a woodshed, a outhouse, don t matter, s just me and Chloe Chloe your dog Oh yeah, you brought her up Think she s pregnant Don t know if it happened here or down south But they all turned out to look like their mother, and each then went on to begin a dynasty in Vineland, from among one of whose litters, picked out for the gleam in his eye, was to come Zoyd and Prairie s dog, Desmond By that time Zoyd had found a piece of land with a drilled well up off Vegetable Road, bought a trailer from a couple headed back to L.A., and was starting to put together a full day s work Whoa, whoa, whoa, did you catch that We just panned down to the dog for half a sentence, and before you know it we ve followed two generations of puppies all the way through a quick ten years, so that Pynchon can now sleight of hand straight into a conversation in the 80s without having to do any ponderous throat clearing of the Several years later variety He pulls this shit on every page and he is GOOD at it Most of them you won t even notice.Pynchon s women, as always, are cool and concupiscent, but the horniness is balanced here uniquely in his oeuvre by having a wry female protagonist who is never sexualised Prairie is unflappable, observant, the writing never patronises her she s one of the great teenage girls in fiction.Frenesi, by contrast, is the archetypal Pynchonic femme fatale, replaying the author s usual paranoid sexual fantasy of how nice girls just can t resist the manly charms of the Asshole King, who goes here by the name of Brock Vond, a federal neofascist who s eagerly prosecuting the Republicans War on Drugs A lot of people who discuss Vineland find Frenesi s motivation implausible would she really throw everything away, her politics, her principles, her daughter, just because she can t stop fucking this guy And is Pynchon really going to hinge his entire Heath Robinson plot on such a flimsy velleity Yeah, he is, and the book doesn t get enough credit for playing such a calculated move I m not some pure creature, Frenesi agonises at one point, during a painful imagined break up with a girlfriend who put her on the usual pedestal you know what happens when my pussy s runnin the show It s a dynamic played out in almost all his books, but the collateral resonances are nowhere madeobvious, the D S overtones in her submission to Brock prefiguring something essential about what happened to her whole generation Brock Vond s genius was to have seen in the activities of the sixties left not threats to order but unacknowledged desires for it.There s the whole novel in a sentence Does Pynchon believe it Say rather that it s his secret fear That s why it s necessary for it to play out on the interpersonal level too, which pretty soon, given his characters, comes round to some kind of Sylvia Plathlike every woman adores a fascist deal Vineland is infused with a genuine, unfashionable nostalgia for the acid dreams of the Sixties, but a nostalgia tempered by the resolve to assess the roots of its failures as time went by and revolution went blending into commerce Against these incursions all he can offer are the tried and tested defences of sex, drugs, and rock n roll.Mucho went to the stereo and put on The Best of Sam Cooke, volumes 1 and 2, and then they sat together and listened, both of them, to the sermon, one they knew and felt their hearts comforted by, though outside spread the lampless wastes, the unseen paybacks, the heartless power of the scablands garrison state the green free America of their childhoods even then was turning into.You can sink into this book and swim in it, and the pages will close up over your head It s just beautifully made hilarious and sexy and sad and constantly provocative And it hasto say about what the 1980s were really about than any number of Brett Easton Ellis or Martin Amis or Jonathan Coe novels can manage Perhaps it s not objectively his best book, but it is, for my money, his most fun So when you think of Pynchon you think of serious work, right And trudgery and difficulty and obfuscation and pedanticism, and like this dizzying thing that just makes you feel unintellectual and slow for never being able to catch up, right Well if that is the case, you have never readVinelandBecause oh my god This book is so fucking good.I m not going to try to summarize or anything, because this book is too sprawling and reeling, and anyway that would be an afront to its amazingnes So when you think of Pynchon you think of serious work, right And trudgery and difficulty and obfuscation and pedanticism, and like this dizzying thing that just makes you feel unintellectual and slow for never being able to catch up, right Well if that is the case, you have never readVinelandBecause oh my god This book is so fucking good.I m not going to try to summarize or anything, because this book is too sprawling and reeling, and anyway that would be an afront to its amazingness But look, it s got all the same basic building blocks as any Pynchon book a million characters exhaustively historied, unfollowable plot twists, crazy ranting paranoia, incredibly phraseology, bizarre songs, sixties culture, sex and violence in fact, large swaths are oddly comparable to Kill Bill, if you ask me but it s done at a much easier level somehow It s muchaccessible, it s hilarious and warm, and you don t feel like you re in quicksand the whole time, just desperately trying to understand and keep breathing See, people never talk about the really unimaginable joy that soars through Pynchon s work And beauty I mean look, this book is tough, for sure, and I won t try to claim that I understood everything, but honestly it just doesn t matter It s just so much fun to read It s not work at all And the ending Once I had like thirty pages left I started getting that dark foreboding feeling, you know, like there s no way he can end this satisfactorily, there just isn t enough space I was so sure he was going to do something horrible, leaving everything messy and unfulfilling, end things like right in the middle of a sentence or something, but no The ending was beautiful, just like the rest of the book, totally satisfying and wonderful Jeez I loved this book Wow This is without a doubt one of the most insane books ever written, even by Pynchon s standards this is something else, the characters are bonkers, the story if you could call it that is nuts , not a lot makes sense, the writing feels schizophrenic, there are moments that could have come from things such as, James Bond, Tarantino, Asian ninja flicks, cartoons, the hippie movement, 80 s action B movies, spirituality and a whole lotThe one thing that s in it s favour is the fact it was just This is without a doubt one of the most insane books ever written, even by Pynchon s standards this is something else, the characters are bonkers, the story if you could call it that is nuts , not a lot makes sense, the writing feels schizophrenic, there are moments that could have come from things such as, James Bond, Tarantino, Asian ninja flicks, cartoons, the hippie movement, 80 s action B movies, spirituality and a whole lotThe one thing that s in it s favour is the fact it was just so much fun to read , you are riding the crest of one crazy wave, best to just go with the flow and let Pynchon s unique vision take hold"/>
  • Paperback
  • 385 pages
  • Vineland
  • Thomas Pynchon
  • English
  • 13 February 2017
  • 0141180633

About the Author: Thomas Pynchon

Thomas Ruggles Pynchon, Jr is an American writer based in New York City, noted for his dense and complex works of fiction Hailing from Long Island, Pynchon spent two years in the United States Navy and earned an English degree from Cornell University After publishing several short stories in the late 1950s and early 1960s, he began composing the novels for which he is best known today V 1963 , The Crying of Lot 49 1966 , Gravity s Rainbow 1973 , Vineland 1990 , Mason Dixon 1997 , and Against the Day 2006.Pynchon is regarded by many readers and critics as one of the finest contemporary authors He is a MacArthur Fellow and a recipient of the National Book Award, and is regularly cited as a contender for the Nobel Prize in Literature Both his fiction and non fiction writings encompass a vast array of subject matter, styles, and themes, including but not limited to the fields of history, science and mathematics Pynchon is also known for his avoidance of personal publicity very few photographs of him have ever been published, and rumours about his location and identity have been circulated since the 1960 s.


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